For automotive use, disc brake discs are commonly manufactured out of a material called . The maintains a specification for the manufacture of grey iron for various applications. For normal car and light-truck applications, SAE specification J431 G3000 (superseded to G10) dictates the correct range of hardness, chemical composition, tensile strength, and other properties necessary for the intended use. Some racing cars and airplanes use brakes with carbon fiber discs and carbon fiber pads to reduce weight. Wear rates tend to be high, and braking may be poor or grabby until the brake is hot.
The development of disc-type brakes began in England in the 1890s, but they were not practical or widely available in cars for another 60 years. Successful application began in airplanes before World War II, and even the German Tiger tank was fitted with discs in 1942. After the war, technological progress began to arrive in the 1950s, leading to a critical demonstration of superiority at the race, which required braking from high speeds several times per lap. The racing team won, using disc brake equipped cars, with much of the credit being given to the brakes' superior performance over rivals equipped with . Mass production began with the 1955 .
Learn the Types of Brakes & how disc brakes differ from drum brakes. Find out what types of brakes your car has at Firestone Complete Auto Care.
DALLAS, Oct. 28, 2016 /PRNewswire/ -- Just Brakes Total Car Care, the full service automotive repair and maintenance company, launched a tire initiative in June 2016 and the results have been successful. The recent addition of Pep Boys as a tire supplier greatly enhances Just Brakes' ability to compete in this market segment and ensure they can provide their customers with the right tire for their vehicle. Pep Boys' Commercial delivery program, Pep Express Parts, offers immediate access to a broad assortment of tire offerings. Implementing additional sources is a natural fit with their current suppliers, and will allow Just Brakes to offer a wider variety of brands to their customers.